Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) is the broad term to describe goal-oriented and structured interventions that intentionally incorporate animals in health, education, and human service for therapeutic gains and improved health and wellness. AAI leads to enhanced physical, social and emotional wellbeing based on reward, emotion, and affiliation. The reaction stems from the oxytocin system (that both humans and animals possess) which assists in forming bonds, trust, and positive emotions. It is said that even just simply petting a dog can release this hormone for both the person and dog!